!!> Lire ➮ The Future is History : How Totalitarianism Reclaimed Russia ➲ Auteur Masha Gessen – Linkadvantage.info
In The Future Is History Masha Gessen Follows The Lives Of Four Russians, Born As The Soviet Union Crumbled, At What Promised To Be The Dawn Of Democracy Each Came Of Age With Unprecedented Expectations, Some As The Children Or Grandchildren Of The Very Architects Of The New Russia, Each With Newfound Aspirations Of Their Own As Entrepreneurs, Activists, Thinkers And Writers, Sexual And Social Beings Gessen Charts Their Paths Not Only Against The Machinations Of The Regime That Would Seek To Crush Them All Censorship, Intimidation, Violence But Also Against The War It Waged On Understanding Itself, Ensuring The Unobstructed Emergence Of The Old Soviet Order In The Form Of Today S Terrifying And Seemingly Unstoppable Mafia State The Future Is History Is A Powerful And Urgent Cautionary Tale By Contemporary Russia S Most Fearless Inquisitor C una lucidit terribile nel racconto dell autrice, nella cronaca non di un fallimento l ingresso della Russia postcomunista nella democrazia ma di una breve fase verso il ritorno su una strada pi consona al cittadino russo medio la strada della tirannide Putin non il prodotto di forze oscure, di qualcosa di esterno al destino della Russia egli uno con l incarnazione del suo tendere alla chiusura, alla diffidenza, alla paura della libert che per le democrazie occidentali un valore ormai scontato.Forse non ci sbagliamo pensando che Putin e il suo regime non dureranno.Forse ci sbagliamo pensando che la Russia sia fatta per la libert This is an important book.Its purpose is to explain how, and why, Russia returned to a state of totalitarianism despite the initial hope and democratisation of the Yeltsin period Why did the Russian people not fasten on to their new freedoms in the way that the citizens of the Baltic republics and, to a lesser extent, those of Ukraine did Masha Gessen s explanation explores, via the lives of seven individuals and through three disciplines which did not exist in the Soviet period sociology, psychoanalysis and opinion polling the persistence of what she calls Homo Sovieticus.This character, the opinion polling and a bit less plausibly the psychoanalysis suggest, did not fade away after the collapse of the Soviet Union, nor even with the passing of generations Putin era youth groups like Nashi differ little from their Soviets equivalents Most citizens fear the open expanse of liberal freedom, preferring the narrow corridor of the authoritarian State.Most Russians, the book says, yearn not for change and opportunity and the responsibility and anxiety that may go with them , but for order, imposed from above, and strength and stability Strong and stable where have we heard that lately The book contains a discussion of the precise meaning of totalitarianism Hannah Arendt is quoted, along with other writers But the precise meaning is largely beside the point In 2017, opposition politics in Russia is all but impossible If you oppose Putin, you may be murdered, like Boris Nemtsov Elections are rigged, even if Putin opponents are excluded and rigging is therefore unnecessary Academics are monitored for ideological conformity Demonstrations are all but impossible to stage Protesters may be arrested by the hundred Justice is arbitrary and controlled by the executive Corruption abounds.Gessen discusses whether a totalitarian state needs an ideology The answer appears to be not necessarily, but it helps especially when you are getting started, and you can change it as circumstances demand And the ideology should be a single, simple idea Like MAGA or Brexit , perhaps The current ideology is Eurasia or Greater Russia as people in Ukraine are well aware and its high priest is Alexander Dugin Dugin is the Steve Bannon or Nigel Farage of Russia only worse According to this book, Dugin has a personal connection to the American neo Nazi Richard Spencer the Hail Trump guy Dugin s ideology is all about traditional family values , which are threatened by Western liberalism There are no such things, he says, as universal human values Liberal social, but not economic ideas are to be abhorred they are Western and an affront to white Christian civilisation, as epitomised by the Russian World Putin is thus the leader of a movement to restore European Civilisation.This is where it gets really scary LGBT people are deviants who deserve to be liquidated the Russian opinion polling on this is devastating And a warning this book contains descriptions of homophobic vigilante violence, tacitly state sanctioned, that may cost you sleep To what extent do people like Bannon, Spencer, Farage, Le Pen and Trump buy into Dugin s despicable ideology How intent are they on spreading it outside of Russia They may seem like comic villains, but we should ask ourselves this question before we laugh too much.Apart from Nemtsov, the characters in Gessen s book survive, though most of them leave Russia The book leaves you feeling, firstly, that Russians do not deserve their fate, Homo Sovieticus notwithstanding and, secondly, that neither do we, in Europe or America and we d better think about that.Towards the end of the book, Gessen notes that, in June 2017, a Russian opinion poll reported that Russians choice for most outstanding person of all time in the entire world was Joseph Stalin. A very good book on the fall of the USSR and the new Russia lacking in democracy and freedoms Dominated by a mafia like structure, corrupt and with a new Stalin This book to be understood requires some knowledge of the Cold War and the rivalry between the super powers It is a scary look into the future and how politicians with the help of the State apparatus and the police can impose their will Very sad for Russians and one wonders what will the future hold for them once Putin is gone. This book has become one of my favorites I read it twice an each time I learned something different Is a must read book not only to understand Russia but the current political trends that the world is living. Brilliantly written, Masha Gessen tells the story of how Russia, over the last 30 years, missed the chance to democratize itself Told through the eyes of 7 people who lived through that era, the book bridges the gap between the personal and the wider world The rise of Putin was unfortunately a logical conclusion to what had gone before The author succinctly describes what he has done to the country and how he has essentially killed the public space Buy the book, read it and understand how a rapprochement with the current Russia is impossible. Not a particularly easy read but well worth the extra work to fully appreciate the book A history lesson well worth remembering when considering what Putin and Russia really about. El libro vale la pena y el servicio ha sido impecable. Gessen uses an innovatory approach by focusing on individuals, mostly not well known, and how the changes in Russia impacted them It doesn t surprise me that, like many of those she writes about, Gessen has moved to the USA to protect herself and her family. A well written window into Russia in the past 30 years Masha Gessen s work is thoroughly engaging And frightening.